Introduction: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is the most common sustained cardiac rhythm abnormality. AF treatment is provided by either cardiologists or non-cardiologists and is based on the prevention of thromboembolic events and on heart rate control or rhythm control. There is evidence that AF management by specialists leads to improved patient outcomes. Moreover, management of complex cardiac arrhythmias by a specialized team has been considered helpful by an overwhelming majority of practicing physicians. Therefore, we designed a multidisciplinary team – Fast Approach by a Specialized Team for Atrial Fibrillation (FAST-AF) – to evaluate the treatment effectiveness of a specialized arrhythmia team compared to the standard of care in the management of patients with new-onset AF presenting in the emergency department (ED).
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